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4 Significant Ways We’re Raising the Bar for Accessibility Standards

2017 August 29
by George Kerscher

Publishing in the W3C is moving forward briskly since the combination of the IDPF into the W3C and there is much to report on, as well as opportunities for our community members to become more involved. Here are the things that have particularly grabbed our attention.

First, EPUB 3 spec maintenance and further developments are taking place in the EPUB Community Group, which is free for anybody to join. One area of interest is the development of “epubcheck” to support EPUB 3.1, which is the current recommendation. Epubcheck is an open source application that will examine an EPUB and determine if it is valid or not. For example that it has the required metadata, like a title. It will also run through the internal links to make sure the target is present, e.g. the link to chapters are good. Epubcheck will be a big win for the Born Accessible movement. If this work strikes the fancy of any Java coders, the group could use your help with development. Contact Charles or George for more information.

Second, the Web Publishing Working group is actively developing the next generation of publishing standards for the web and for offline reading. Yes, we’re talking about EPUB 4.  It may take several years for EPUB 4 to be a functioning standard, but it’s exciting to think of what is ahead, especially knowing that EPUB 3 is solidly in place to support publishing for a long time.

Third, accessibility in publishing at the W3C will be integrated into traditional WAI work. WCAG 2.1 is under development and is expected to become a recommendation in 2018. Publishing has been incorporated into the scope of WCAG, and some of the metadata developed for EPUB and standardized in are also in WCAG 2.1. The metadata is located in the optional conformance section, and the Accessibility Task force within the Publishing Community are quite happy to get this included at such a late date. For those interested, the link to the August draft is:

Last, but not least, there has been a shift of naming in the accessibility work. From the beginning, the term Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) was used. The shift will be in referring to this as “Accessibility Guidelines” (AG) and the codename for this is “Silver.” Get it? (AG, silver, and the Atomic Number 47 my new favorite number, grin.)

Clarifying Copyright: Understanding The Legal Landscape

2017 August 29
by anhb

As part of our continuing work creating tools for making more accessible content available to students with disabilities, Benetech has long explored copyright issues surrounding the distribution of such content. Fortunately, recognizing the need for clarification of copyright issues, OSEP required that the DIAGRAM Center explore the application of certain key legal principles to the provision of accessible educational materials. Working with pro bono counsel from the law firm of Frankfurt Kurnit Klein & Selz PC, based in New York City, we now have a clearer understanding of the legal arguments that can be brought to bear for good faith efforts such as ours to provide equitable access to educational materials to students with disabilities.  They made some great recommendations that we plan to implement.

Much of the DIAGRAM Center’s work has been about enabling the creation of alternative derivatives of educational content that explicitly meet the format and feature needs of students with a range of disabilities. We believe that for any reproduction, distribution, public display, or creation of such derivative work by Benetech focused on creating accessible content, we will have a strong fair use defense against claims of copyright infringement. Additionally, Benetech can make a public policy argument that our use of copyright protected work to create accessible content comports with the spirit of copyright law and with Congressional actions to ensure equal access for disabled individuals. In short, entities like Benetech should, by taking some basic precautions, be able to avoid direct copyright infringement liability arising from accessibility tools like Poet or Imageshare.

Benetech’s plan to have content creators utilize the production tools offered by DIAGRAM to create accessible content and further contribute content to Imageshare may also raise secondary infringement liability concerns as well. But with the right precautions, we believe potential secondary liability based on the use of our production tools is minimal. As Imageshare may begin accepting accessible content submitted by third parties, such as teachers, it may also benefit from the application of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) safe harbors. This path requires being in compliance with specific rules, including those around take-down requests that are made by copyright holders.

We view these recommendations as a positive and encouraging sign. As planned, we are moving forward with Poet and Imageshare with renewed confidence that a legal door remains open to ensure that copyright law is supportive of the production of accessible educational materials intended to benefit students with disabilities.

6 Technologies Impacting Education for Students with Disabilities 

2017 August 22
by Amaya Webster

Introducing the first annual DIAGRAM Report, a guide to some of the most important ways technology is changing the educational landscape for students with disabilities. This edition focuses on six technology areas:

the report includes a high-level overview of each technology or trend in order to offer information about relevant opportunities and challenges as well as resources and suggested next steps for those interested in pursuing more information.

Each year, we will refresh the DIAGRAM report to include the latest information about the top technologies we will continue monitoring and add new technologies that should be on your radar. We, therefore, welcome your feedback so that the report can be improved.

Thanks to the many members of the community who contributed their expertise to the report. We are incredibly excited about it and hope it proves to be a valuable resource!


Working Group Updates

2017 June 16
by Amaya Webster

The updates below are a combination of updates from the latest working group meetings and the ideas and next steps that came out of the DIAGRAM Strategic Planning Meeting. This update serves as a brief overview. We will go more into depth on the working groups and their projects and next steps during out upcoming webinar in July.

  • Tactiles Working Group

This is a group that has evolved, as befitting a research and development center. It started as the Tactiles working group back in 2015, morphed into the 3D Printing Standards working group, then into the 3D Tactile Standards Working Group and now, after the DIAGRAM Strategic Planning Meeting will be under the new leadership of Jim Allan, and will once again be called the Tactiles Working Group. The charter for the newest iteration of this group is still in production, but given the work they’ve already accomplished, such as their most recent publication, a guide to producing braille with a 3D printer, we’re excited for what’s to come!

  • Content Working Group

The Content Working Group has expanded the Accessible Image Sample Book with a new section on using video closed captions in EPUB. It is a companion to the Resource for Providing Accessible Multimedia that was created in partnership with NCAM. The expanded Image Sample Book is currently available to read online. The EPUB version is forthcoming. The group is now thinking about resources for those creating interactives as well as resources for students who are Deaf and hard of hearing.  They are also in the process of creating new sub-groups to explore accessible interactive content and resources for visual literacy and American Sign Language based on feedback and conversations the came out of the DIAGRAM Strategic Planning Meeting. The group is also working to update their charter and expand their mission statement which will be shared during the upcoming webinar in July.

  • Developers Working Group

The Math in EPUB Task Force met on June 14th with feedback from Macmillan Learning and Elsevier providing some initial feedback.  They are still working on finalizing what we can recommend to publishers on how to put math into an EPUB which will be accessible and still be visually perfect. During the DIAGRAM Strategic Planning meeting, the decision was made to create a new Developers Sub-group, the “Thinking Outside the Box” subgroup. Stay tuned for information on what this group comes up with. We’re sure it will be “outside of the box” and fascinating!

  • Standards Working Group

The W3C has approved the new Publishing Working Group’s charter, whose mission is to enable all Web Publications — with all their specificities and traditions — to become first-class entities on the Web. The WG will provide the necessary technologies on the Open Web Platform to make the combination of traditional publishing and the Web complete in terms of accessibility, usability, portability, distribution, archiving, offline access, and reliable cross-referencing.  Both Charles LaPierre and George Kerscher are a part of this new Working Group.  This is important because only Working Groups can create official W3C Recommended standards where the DPUB Interest Group could only create reference Notes and recommend that other working groups within the W3C add specific accessibility requirements to their specifications.

The W3C has also approved the Digital Publishing Accessibility API Mappings as a W3C Candidate Recommendation:
This is an important step which we needed to happen in order for the new DPUB specific roles for ARIA to be adopted such as (doc-abstract, doc-chapter, doc-endnote, doc-example, doc-glossary, etc.).  Now we just need ARIA 1.1 to become a W3C recommendation that includes these accessibility API mappings.

Out and About

2017 June 16
  • AAP Accessibility Meeting “Accessibility Standards, Certification and Tools, and Publisher Recommendations and Findings” New York, Charles LaPierre, George Kerscher (June 21, 2017)
    • Alan Adler, the General Counsel of the AAP, will address standards
    • George Kerscher will discuss the DAISY Accessibility Checking Tool for EPUB (ACE)
    • Charles LaPierre will discuss Benetech’s certification program
    • Rachel Comerford from Macmillan Learning will join Charles and Liisa McCloy-Kelly of Penguin Random House for a session on practical techniques for implementing EPUB based on Rachel’s experience in the certification pilot program.
  • W3C’s Digital Publishing Interest Group / Publishing Working Group, Face to Face Meetings, New York, Charles LaPierre, George Kerscher (June 22-23, 2017)

What We Are Reading

2017 June 16
by Amaya Webster

DIAGRAM Strategic Planning Recap

2017 June 16
by Amaya Webster

A photograph of meeting participants engaged in discussion.Thank you to everyone who came to the DIAGRAM Strategic Planning Meeting. We had a wonderful turnout and it was great to see the old faces and meet the new ones. We were joined by many members of our advisory committee, the working groups and even members of the Department of Ed. It was a jam-packed two days and we succeeded in addressing the topics that came up from our community members prior to the meeting and during the course of it as well. We are thrilled to report that it was an unqualified success. The enthusiasm and passion in the room were almost palpable and we couldn’t be more excited to explore the topics and decisions that have come out of it.

For all of you who weren’t there, and even for those of you who were, we will be synthesizing the notes and major themes that came out of the meeting and hosting a webinar in July to do a deep dive into the key takeaways and the plans for how to move forward based on input we received and learnings we had at the meeting. We encourage all of you to join and spread the word.

A photograph of meeting Attendees roasting marshmallows around the outdoor fire pit.We started the meeting Sunday night with an informal S’mores roasting party that gave us all a chance to catch up and in some cases, meet in person for the first time. Then Monday, the real work began. Our first session, “In the Classroom Today” focused on the challenges and solutions of providing accessible educational materials. This session was facilitated by six of our meeting participants who each led small group discussions on their experiences ranging in topics from practices for an inclusive classroom, which was led by Gaeir Dietrich and looked at the ways she helps educators not only adapt accessibility practices but get excited about them to a discussion Derrick Smith facilitated on learning and teaching math, that explored how educators can support digital learning and digital math for students with disabilities.  Other topics included Teaching Science which was led by Chelsea Cook, LMSes and online learning led by Sina Bahram, What teachers Wish They Had in the classroom led by Ting Siu and Publishing Production: Born Accessible standards, which Ted Gies led.

A photograph of participants engaged in small group discussion Monday morning.In the second session of Monday morning, we again held small group discussions on how to make DIAGRAM stronger. Once again, each of these discussions was facilitated by one of the meeting participants. Mark Hakkinen led the discussion on how we can code better together and how we can better support Open Source projects. Bryan Gould led a conversation on ideas for better engagement. This conversation ultimately led to the decision to revive the Outreach Working group, which we are now working on making happen. Laurie Vasquez led a conversation on new collaboration frontiers, focusing especially on areas we aren’t currently exploring but should be. Meeting participant and our program’s external evaluator, Maureen Hawes, led a conversation on how we are measuring the impact of DIAGRAM and how we should be doing it and Elaine Ober, who is one of the co-chairs of the Content Working Group facilitated the conversation on how we can communicate with each other better internally. It was a fast-paced and engaging morning filled with great ideas and strategy for collaboration moving forward.

After lunch, members of the Office of Special Education Programs were nice enough to join A photograph of Raja demoing his for an hour of speed demos that ranged from a demo by Raja Kushalnager on eye tracking and multimodal applications for Deaf and hard of hearing students to Bryan Gould’s demo on accessible augmented learning tools with the early learning TV program, PEEP and the Big Wide World. Other demos included Doug Schepers work on interactive maps, Sina Bahram’s work on accessible computer science, Emily Moore’s work on PhET interactive simulations and the work that was done at the DIAGRAM’s 2017 CSUN code sprint. Neil Soiffer demoed Machine Learning, Lisa Wadors demoed one of DIAGRAM’s newest resources, ImageShare, Charles LaPierre demoed out Born Accessible work and Sue-Ann Ma and Volker Sorge teamed up to demo accessible math.

A photograph of Lisa Wadors and Jim Allan leading a discussion about the Tactiles Working Group.Energized by the amazing work our colleagues are doing, we jumped into our last session of the day, breaking into groups to discuss and update the charters of our working groups, The Content Group, Standards Group, Tactile Group, and Developers group. This session proved to be especially exciting as it led to the formation of several new working group subcommittees which are further discussed in the working group updates section.

Tuesday gave us a chance to delve deeper into the tech side of things with seven small group discussions. Bruce Walker led one on accessible gaming and simulations. Neil Soiffer led one on machine learning, Lisa Dieker led one on robotics, Melissa Malzkuhn led one on visual literacy, Mark Hakkinen on voice recognition, Emily Moore on interactives and Volker Sorge on Math and MathML. Our final Tuesday session was dedicated to the themes of the meeting the participants felt were the most important to explore further. Helen Popper led a discussion on content creation which covered accessibility issues for a range of disabilities. Melissa Malzkuhn further explored visual literacy in the small group discussion she led. DIAGRAM Product Manager Sue-Ann Ma led a discussion on product brainstorming and user personas. Bryan Gould, as the new chair of the Outreach Working group, led a discussion doing a deeper dive into outreach strategies and DIAGRAM’s technical lead Charles LaPierre led a discussion on accessible EPUB versus PDF. Our last activity of the day, as well as the meeting, was to look ahead and commit in writing to things that each of us will do as follow up from the meeting.  These ranged from committing to joining a new working group, to exploring and building new ways to use machine learning. We will be making the commitments available soon as well as following up with people that made them.

A photograph of all the post-its with the participant commitments hanging on the wall.

All and all, it was a hugely successful two days with the biggest takeaway from the meeting is that it’s a starting point. It provided us with a game plan for what we believe is important to achieve and the strategies we think need to be implemented to do so. The conversation is far from over, and the work itself is just beginning. Once again, a huge thank you to everyone who attended and contributed to making it such a success. For those of you who couldn’t be there, know that you were missed. We hope and look forward to your future participation in DIAGRAM events and our ongoing collaboration as we move forward to address making education accessible for everyone!

CSUN 2017 Roundup

2017 April 19

The DIAGRAM community had another extremely successful and jam-packed CSUN conference this year. We did a lot, saw a lot, learned a lot, connected a lot and enjoyed ourselves, you guessed it, a lot. For those of you unfamiliar with CSUN, it is one of the biggest Assistive Technology conferences held. Researchers, exhibitors, end users, practitioners, vendors, and educators all come together to share, among other things, what they are working on, what they’ve learned and best practices in the assistive technology field. Here are some highlights from our CSUN 2017 adventures.


Code Sprint

A photograph of Mark, Sina, Anniika, and Jason working together. Ross is not visible in the picture. We kicked off CSUN 2017 one day early with our annual CSUN code sprint. This year we co-hosted the event with Macmillan Learning and focused on solutions for making interactive scenarios accessible. Twenty-seven on-site participants and four remote participants spent almost nine hours working on one (in some cases more than one) of the following topics: Accessible Drag and Drop, Accessible Interactive Simulations, Braille Math, MathML in EPUB, Map Data Visualization, and Personalized Learning. By the end of the day, the groups had managed to create seven working prototypes all ready to demo. Mark Hakkinen, Sina Bahram, Annika Muehlbradt, Jason White and Ross Reedstrom were all part of the group focusing on drag and drop interactions. They developed a mechanism that allows a user to sort and match content without needing to use a mouse to physically drag and drop it.

A photograph of Jesse, Ross, Paul, Kelly, Darren and Kathy working together along with Neil and Volker.Jesse Greenberg, Ross Reedstrom, Paul Anderson, Kelly Lancaster, Kathi Fletcher and Darren Guinness worked off of a PhET simulation of a sweater and balloon inducing positive and negative charges. They ultimately improved the interface so it only displayed pertinent and non-repetitive information to the user. Neil Soiffer, Charles LaPierre, George Kerscher and Rachel Comerford took on standards and the problem of trying to display MathML in EPUB without having the alt text double speak.A photograph of George, Rachel, Charles and Neil working together at their table. They were able to add a PNG image of math with alt text and add MathML to it using CSS so that it was hidden off-screen and prevented the double speaking of the altText. They have since met further, along with Avneesh, Sina and Jason to dive deeper into the issue of adding MathML into EPUB and have since come up with a possible solution to the inconsistencies found during the day on how to get MathML represented and spoken correctly in an EPUB document.  More about what they have worked out post CSUN will be shared in our upcoming Newsletter.

A photograph of Cliff, Doug, Derek and Deanna working together at their table. Doug Schepers, Cliff Tyllick, Derek Riemer and Deanna McCusker worked on an interactive keyboard accessible map that was also screen reader accessible and allows for info box display customization. Lisa Seaman and Marisa Demeglio demoed the ability to have personalization applied to a page in order to standardize the look and feel of a webpage to the users’ own needs and preferences.  Murray Sargent worked on creating a table for all Unicode characters used forA photograph of Murray and Volker at the Code Sprint. Murray is sitting at his laptop and Volker is standing behind him looking over his shoulder. Braille Math using Nemeth and UEB and Volker Surge used Unicode characters from Murray to produce braille output using MathJax.

Much like last year it was a full, intense and really fun day. According to sprint participant Sina Bahram, “DIAGRAM is a powerhouse at bringing the right people together, and that’s what makes events like this so successful” And it really was successful. So much so that we’re the exploring the idea of holding another future code sprint outside of CSUN.

The work that was done at the sprint was both impressive and inspirational and wouldn’t have happened without the support of our event partner Macmillan Learning, to A photograph of the sprint participants hacking away in their groups.whom we are extremely grateful. We would also like to extend a heartfelt thank you to all of our volunteer participants for helping make the day a resounding success: Annika Muehlbradt (Student, University of Colorado, Boulder), Daren Guinness (Student, University of Colorado, Boulder), Derek Riemer (Student, University of Colorado, Boulder), Doug Schepers (CTO, Open Access technologies), Ender Tekin (Associate Scientist, Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin, Madison) George Kerscher (Chief Innovations Officer, DAISY Consortium), Jason White (Associate Research Scientist, Educational Testing Service), Jesse Greenberg (Software Developer, PhET, University of Colorado Boulder), Jonathan Hung (UX Engineer, Inclusive Design Research Center), Justin Obara (Inclusive Developer, Inclusive Design Research Center), Kathi Fletcher (Technical Director, OpenStax), Kelly Lancaster (Lead Interactive Designer, Macmillan), Rachel Comerford (Director of Content Standards, Macmillan), Lisa Seeman (Accessibility Research Engineer, IBM), EmA photograph of the sprint participants hacking away in their groups. taken from a closer vantage point. ily Moore (Director of Research and Accessibility, PhET, University of Colorado Boulder), Marisa Demeglio (Software Developer, DAISY Consortium), Mark Hakkinen (Research Scientist, Educational Testing Service), Murray Sargeant (Software Development Engineer, Microsoft), Neil Soiffer (Software Developer), Phil Schatz (Developer, OpenStax), Ross Reedstrom (Senior Developer, OpenStax), Sina Bahram (President and Founder, Prime Access Consulting), Taliesin Smith (Inclusive Design Research Specialist, PhET, University of Colorado Boulder), Volker Sorge (Managing Director, Progressive Accessibility Solutions),  Jennifer Grant (Senior Research Systems Specialist, Educational Testing Service) and Cliff Tyllick (EIR Accessibility Coordinator,Texas Health and Human Services Commission)!

DIAGRAM Office Hours

A photograph of Mark Hakkinen waving at the camera during the Office Hours Event as other people mingle behind him. This year more people attended the DIAGRAM Office Hours event than ever before! Conversations around block languages and teaching accessible computer science abounded, as well as discussions about doing more code sprints. As usual, there were some on-the-fly demos around the room, including an app on song-based speech therapy and one app prototype intended to help people with blindness navigate the subway in New York.  It was wonderful to catch up with old friends, meet new ones, discuss potential partnerships and exchange ideas face-to-face. In fact, thanks to the Office Hours event, a potential expansion for RRAI is now in the works which you can learn more about in the upcoming newsletter. Thanks to everyone who was able to join, and we look forward to catching up again next year!


DIAGRAM Sessions

  • Bright and early Thursday morning DIAGRAM team members from Benetech, Sue-Ann Ma and Lisa Wadors, joined long time community member Sina Bahram, President and founder of Prime Access Consulting, to introduce CSUN attendees to one of DIAGRAM’s newest resources in their session titled Repository-Registry of Accessible Images: Find and Share Alternate Formats. The session focused on teaching participants how to use RRAI, which is a collaborative web-enabled collection prototype, to eliminate redundancies in the production of alternate formats in STEM. Not only was the session well attended, but we now have several potential new partnerships with DDS offices and independent organizations running tactile websites, which is an exciting prospect. The slides from the presentation are available for download here.
  • Next up on Thursday Lisa Wadors and Robin Seaman presented the session “Create, Build, Find & Buy Accessible: Creating a Fully Accessible Education”. Lisa went over resources where people can find accessible material. She also reviewed the guidelines for educational institutions on how to buy accessible content. Robin then introduced participants to Benetech’s accessibility certification program and concluded with an overview of how educators can create their own accessible PowerPoints, Google Docs, Microsoft Word Documents and PDF files. You can download the PowerPoint deck here.
  • Friday morning DIAGRAM team members from Benetech, Charles LaPierre, Sue-Ann Ma and Ginny Grant, along with DIAGRAM community member Volker Sorge from MathJax Consortium and Progressive Accessibility Solutions presented a session, “Accessible Mathematics – Highlights from the Past Year and What Lies Ahead”. They explored the landscape of MathML and MathML standards, as well as various options for hosting digital math and what’s currently being done and what will be done to help make digital math more accessible. Slides from their session can be downloaded here.
  • Friday afternoon George Kerscher (Benetech/DAISY), Charles LaPierre (Benetech) and Rachel Comerford (Macmillan Learning) gave their session “Finally, Certified Accessible Educational Materials from Publishers”. Participants were taken through an in depth review of the standards at the core of accessibility and the “must have requirements” for accessible EPUB. They were then treated to a sneak peek at one of Benetech’s newest pilots, an accessible certification system. The slide deck for the presentation can be downloaded here.

All in all it was a full two days of sessions, and of course DIAGRAM’s weren’t the only ones. If you would like to share a summary of a session you gave or found particularly interesting, we’d be thrilled to add it to our CSUN recap roundup. Simply email it to, or to me directly at


One of the great things about CSUN is that it is a chance to catch up with colleagues face-to-face and the DIAGRAM team made the most of this opportunity. We had a great time reconnecting with people, planning potential partnerships and getting to know people we haven’t worked with before. Below are some highlights from the many meetings we had. We’re always happy to include more, but didn’t want to overwhelm our readers, so if we didn’t mention a meeting you’d like to see included, let us know and we can put it in our blog and newsletter. Feel free to email, or Amaya directly at

  • We met with Geoff Freed and Bryan Gould of WGBH/NCAM to discuss the progress of our joint project around Peep and the Big Wide World. We now have four finished stories and one live action story that is almost complete. Also finished is a keyboard accessible memory game. The next steps for this endeavor will be to finish the audio description and captions for the live action stories and to decide what else will be produced. Find out more about the Peep and the Big Wide World project in the next edition of our newsletter.
  • Anh Bui, Charles LaPierre, Lisa Wadors and Amaya Webster met with George Kerscher (co-chair of the Standards Working Group), Neil Soiffer and Sina Bahram, (co-chairs of the Developers Working Group), Jason White (chair of the Drag and Drop sub-committee), Elaine Ober and Lucia Hasty (co-chairs of the Content Working Group) and Jim Allen (chair of the 3D Tactile Standards working group). It was a chance for us to come together and share what each of the groups have been working on and discuss areas of overlap so as not to duplicate or contrast efforts. It quickly became apparent that all the working groups and the Drag and Drop sub-committee are interested in how interactive interfaces and scenarios can be made accessible. In fact, there was so much interest, that the group decided to meet post-CSUN to further discuss how accessible interactives can be better addressed. You can read more about this meeting and the follow-up discussion in the next edition of the DIAGRAM newsletter.
  • We got together with Mark Hakkinen and his team of researchers from ETS. It was the first time many of us had met in person and we had a great time getting to know one another and discussing how we might be able to collaborate in the future.
  • We met with DIAGRAM General Advisory Committee member Emily Moore (PhET) to talk about the interactives work that PhET has been doing. Accessible interactives is a theme that keeps coming up among DIAGRAM and the DIAGRAM community and we are looking forward to further exploring this area with Emily and her team at PhET.
  • Developer Working Group member Jamie Teh (NVDA) squeezed in a meeting with us right before the DIAGRAM Office Hours event. We compared notes on DIAGRAM and NVDA’s respective roadmaps.
  • We caught up with Ed Summers and the SAS team for a demo for their latest accessible charts. Doug Schepers joined the conversation as well and we all exchanged notes on where we see the future of charts and graphs going.

Final Words

CSUN is always an exciting, exhausting, enjoyable whirlwind and 2017 proved no different. There are several things I love about the conference, learning what new technology is out there, what other people are working on and catching up with people being quite high on the list. But my very favorite thing is the momentum it builds. We are coming out of this year’s CSUN with new prototypes and potential new projects to work on, new partnerships and new potential partnerships, new Working Group members, and renewed energy to make the world a more accessible place. If you have stories, pictures, comments to share, please send them my way. Let’s keep the momentum going! or is accepting mentor and mentee applications until April 14, 2017

2017 April 11
by Amaya Webster is a community & mentorship program for people with disabilities in tech. It is now accepting mentor and mentee applications for Cohort 2 – a 12-week online mentorship program that connects people with disabilities to industry professionals from top technology companies such as Facebook, Microsoft, Google, Paypal, etc. You can learn more about the program on their website and read impact stories from Cohort 1 to learn more about their community.

Students with disabilities & professionals in engineering, product, design or technology in North America are eligible to participate as mentees or mentors. Apply online at, before April 14, logo

Webinar Recap

2017 April 8

DIAGRAM kicked off the 2017 Webinar Season by hosting “Computer Science for All Through Inclusive Design” with presenters Sina Bahram (Prime Access Consulting), Richard Ladner (University of Washington) and Andreas Stefik (University of Nevada Las Vegas). The webinar, which covered the current landscape of computer science, the accessibility challenges in the field, and what is being done to make it more accessible, was a huge success, drawing over 150 registrants! If you weren’t able to attend, don’t worry. A closed-caption recording of the webinar and the presentation slide deck are both available on our website.

Product and Project Updates

2017 April 8

Accessible Math

During the 2017 code sprint at CSUN this year, Rachel Comerford from Macmillan Learning, George Kerscher, Charles LaPierre and Neil Soiffer continued an ongoing effort to incorporate MathML accessiblity in EPUB. This sparked a renewed determination to figure out a method to recommend to publishers for including math into their EPUB books with a graceful fallback when MathML is not supported by either the Reading System or the Assistive Technology accessing it.  A MathML in EPUB Task Force was established, in addition to Neil, Charles and George, they were joined by Sina Bahram, Jason White and Avneesh Singh from DAISY.  Since CSUN this group has met a number of times and have come up with three proposed solutions that they will be sharing with the publishing community for feedback.

Accessible PEEP

As you may know, DIAGRAM Center and NCAM have partnered to develop a proof of concept intended to add accommodations to an online digital education resource for young children. The project will also develop research methodologies for studying how these accommodations improve engagement and learning for children with disabilities. The work is based on the television show PEEP and the Big Wide World, an animated program intended to excite and teach young children about STEM subjects using the world around them. NCAM began working on this three-year project last year and have so far finalized a research plan and built accommodations for four stories and a memory game. Stay tuned to learn more as work on this project progresses!

Poet Training Tool

We’ve made some strides with the new Poet Training Tool in the early part of 2017! The latest version of the interactive web-based tool introduces best practice guidelines and examples (based on the DIAGRAM Image Description Guidelines and other content developed by DIAGRAM community) to help users determine when and how best to write extended descriptions for key STEM diagrams. In April, we conducted our first round of feedback tests with a handful of new users. The initial feedback from users was extremely positive and we look forward to sharing the revamped Poet Training Tool with the Content Working Group and the rest of the DIAGRAM community in the coming months.

Technical Advisory Subcommittee Update

2017 April 8
by Charles LaPierre

The TASC group met on April 3 and the notes are now from that meeting.  Some notable takeaways from that meeting were the formation of a new Math in EPUB sub-committee, inspired by the work done at the CSUN code sprint.  Neil Soiffer gave an update on a hack-a-thon that he and his son Rory participated in where they used machine learning to convert spoken math to MathML and text that could then be displayed ultimately in a browser. Congratulations to Neil and his son, as they won one the main prize at the event. Larry Goldberg also brought to our attention the ongoing work needed to provide access to emergency information on television, because it is still too difficult to get access to charts and graphs that are onscreen during emergencies.

Standards Working Group Update

2017 April 8
by Charles LaPierre

Now that there is a new Accessibility 1.0 Standard for EPUB and the adoption of accessibility metadata in the 3.2 release of, this group has switched its focus to providing guidance and techniques on how to get MathML in EPUB and update our guidelines on extended image descriptions using the soon to be adopted ARIA-details once ARIA 1.1 is formally approved.

Developers Working Group Update

2017 April 8
by Charles LaPierre

Most of the activity with this group has been in the sub-committee for Math in EPUB, we did, however, have one informational meeting on March 27th where we highlighted all the topics we worked on during the code sprint at CSUN.  For those interested here are the minutes from that meeting.  There was no Drag and Drop meeting this past month but we are currently planning on having one in early May.